Poland Suspends Participation in Conventional Armed Forces Treaty

Poland has officially suspended its participation in the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE). President Andrzej Duda ratified the suspension, echoing NATO’s concerns over Russia’s longstanding treaty violations.

Established in 1990, the CFE aimed to maintain a balance of conventional military forces across Europe, from the Atlantic to the Ural mountains, to reduce the risk of conflict. However, Russia’s suspension in 2007 and subsequent full disavowal in 2023 challenged the treaty’s effectiveness.

Poland’s move, while maintaining formal treaty membership, exempts it from obligations, allowing for an unbounded military enhancement amid growing tensions, as Poland modernizes its armed forces with significant acquisitions from the USA and South Korea.