Armenia Issues Recognition of Palestinian Statehood

Sébastien Gray
Sébastien Gray
Sébastien is a published journalist and historicist with over six years of experience in freelance journalism and research. His primary expertise is in African conflict and politics, with additional specialization in Israeli/Palestinian and Armenia/Azerbaijan conflicts. Sébastien serves as the deputy desk chief for Africa.

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The Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs has issued a statement condemning the humanitarian crisis in Gaza, calling for a two state solution for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and most importantly, issuing a recognition of the State of Palestine.

A Growing List

Armenia’s recognition of the State of Palestine follows similar moves by several other countries that have been taken in recent times. On May 28th, Spain, Ireland, and Norway issued official recognitions of Palestinian independence. This was shortly followed by Slovenia, who issued an official recognition on June 4th.

The Palestinian flag pictured alongside that of Slovenia and the EU outside of Slovenia’s government building in downtown Ljubljana on May 30th, 2024. The Palestinian flag was flown after the Slovenian government approved the recognition of Palestinian statehood. This was followed several days later by Slovenia’s parliament (Photo from Borut Zivulovic/Reuters).

The continued recognition of Palestinian statehood represents a notable shift among many nations towards a non-negotiable two state solution. While much of the world, including the US, has supported and continues to support a two state solution, most of the nations that had not issued recognitions of Palestinian statehood had yet to do so due to their belief that Palestinian statehood should come from negotiation.

As it has become apparent that negotiations for a Palestinian state are unlikely to actually take place, or at the very least be genuinely committed to, some are beginning to abandon this approach. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has, on multiple occasions, stated his absolute opposition to the creation of a Palestinian state, making any such negotiations highly unlikely to happen.

As such, Israel has issued strong condemnations towards Ireland, Spain, Norway, and Slovenia for their recognition of Palestine. Israel’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Israel Katz, recalled Israel’s ambassadors from Ireland, Spain, and Norway, and summoned Slovenia’s ambassador for a “reprimand conversation” after Slovenia issued their recognition earlier this month.

Katz has referred to the recognition as a “reward” for Hamas and Iran, adding that the decision only served to “send a message to the Palestinians and the world: Terrorism pays.” Netanyahu offered similar statements, referring to the recognitions as a reward for terrorism.

Israel has yet to issue an official response to Armenia’s recognition.

Armenia’s recognition of Palestinian independence means that now 146 UN member states recognize Palestinian independence. In turn, 163 UN member states recognize Israeli independence.

Armenia’s Actions in the War

Armenia has issued continual condemnations towards the situation within Gaza. While their condemnations have fallen short of nations like South Africa and Turkey who accuse Israel of genocide, they still have joined countries worldwide in calling for a ceasefire.

Further, Armenia has sent 30 tons of aid to Gaza, including food and medicine. The aid was shipped to Egypt in March, before it entered Gaza through the Rafah Crossing, prior to the Rafah Crossing’s closure by Israel in May.

A photo of Armenian aid bound for Gaza prepared in Yerevan, Armenia, on March 28th, 2024.

Notably within their statement which announced the recognition of Palestine, was a condemnation of hostage taking, and a call for the release of hostages. Further, Armenia issued a condemnation of violence against civilians.

The full statement from the Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs may be read below:

“The catastrophic humanitarian situation in Gaza and the ongoing military conflict are one of the primary issues on the international political agenda that require resolution. The Republic of Armenia categorically rejects the targeting of civilian infrastructures, violence against the civilian population and the hostage-taking and capture of civilians during the armed conflict and joins the demands of the international community for their release without preconditions.

The Republic of Armenia has joined the resolutions of the UN General Assembly, which call for an immediate ceasefire in Gaza. Moreover, the Republic of Armenia is sincerely interested in the establishment of peace and stability in the Middle East, the establishment of lasting reconciliation between the Jewish and Palestinian peoples. At various international platforms, we have always advocated for a peaceful and comprehensive settlement of the Palestinian issue and support the “two-state” principle of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict solution. We are convinced that this is the only way to ensure that Palestinians and Israelis can realize their legitimate aspirations.

Based on the above and reaffirming its commitment to international law and the principles of equality, sovereignty and peaceful coexistence of peoples, the Republic of Armenia recognizes the State of Palestine.”