In a compromise with Russia, that one-year mandate was extended on July 9, 2021, for six months, with an additional six months subject to a “substantive report” from U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres. This was effectively a year-long mandate because a second resolution wasn’t needed, and that mandate expires this Sunday.

The Russian Federation worries that a year long aid promise would not represent President Assad’s regime and those materials could fall into the hands of rebel groups as the line of contact constantly shifts, especially with Turkey’s renewed push into Northern Syria.